This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book introduces the reader to the power of civil society and its ability to fulfil important functions in the fields of peace-building, development, and change. It focuses on the political landscape characterizing the young people’s engagement in non-violent action in the Palestinian Occupied Territories. The book explores the crucial challenges and dilemmas affecting religious civil society in Nigeria, where the power of three religious identities is highly polarized. It provides the impact of political and economic influence exercised by national and international actors on Jordan. The book analyzes the struggle of civil society by tracing the historical political contribution of labour unions in Niger. The labour movement as a powerful civil society actor played the most important role in the fight for liberation from the colonial period.