In Yugoslavia, the Tito –Stalin Split of 1948 was followed by serious reconsiderations and criticisms of the long-accepted Soviet doctrines about state and society. This was followed by decentralizations and liberalizations in economy, culture, and politics in Yugoslavia that aimed at distancing the country from Soviet-style socialism and consequently marked the beginning of the elaboration of its counterpoint: self-managing socialism. In June 1968, Yugoslav students in Belgrade demanded genuine self-management and criticized, in the spirit of Praxis philosophers, its insufficient implementation in Yugoslavia and emergent social stratification. Based on the discussions held at the symposium that year, but also on the observations of the participants, the theme of the 1968 summer school on Korcula could be summed up as the then-present meaning of ‘revolution,’ and consequently the relevance of Karl Marx’s thought. In the words of historian Silvio Pons, “the Prague Spring and its repression determined the fate of European communism forever.”