In 1926, Gombrowicz wrote a short story about the misadventures of an accommodated Polish-Jewish youth, “Jakub Czarniecki’s Memoir” (Krótkim pami?tniku Jakuba Czarnieckiego, 1926), where he clearly shows the development of Polishness and Jewishness as two compatible layers of one’s identity was impossible in the interwar period. Gombrowicz was drawn to Polish Jews from his earliest youth. A case in point was his relationship with the Polish-Jewish writer and artist Bruno Schulz (1892–1942). In his article, through the description of Gombrowicz’s relationship to Schulz, Jean-Pierre Salgas shows us how Gombrowicz's discourse of Jewish otherness serves as a template for his reflections on self, his attitude to Form, and Polish identity.