This essay explores certain links between myth, unity and diversity in politics as understood by the philosopher Ernst Cassirer. He treats this theme explicitly only in his more political writings – mainly in his last major book, The Myth of the State, 1 and, less directly, in such works as The Question of Jean-Jacques Rousseau 2 and Rousseau, Kant and Goethe. 3 A full understanding of Cassirer’s views on this and related political themes, however, cannot be gained from his more political writings alone. For these are enhanced and completed by his reflections on the philosophy of human culture – particularly in The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, 4 Language and Myth 5 and An Essay on Man. 6