ABSTRACT

The general will easily turns into a metaphysical mystery. Is it the will of society or the body politic, hypostatised as a Person superior to any of its members, none of whom might have a will coinciding with it? If this is not a mystery, it may be said that it is at least ‘a fiction. What is the State? Always a set of people, maybe only one, who command; the many must obey willy-nilly. It is not possible for everybody to be at once the subject of his own law and the sole author. Rousseau’s determination to moralize politics can only overload it with an excessive finality foreign to it, offering to regenerate humanity but never succeeding. The pursuit of Virtue or Fraternity ends in Terror.’ 1