This chapter aims to provide migration as a key variable in assessing the situation of Third World women, to identify leading trends in migration research on Latin American and Caribbean women, and to describe and evaluate the studies that have been carried out. The pioneering work is Women and Migration: Latin America and the Caribbean, compiled by M. Garcia Castro, Mary Jean Gearing, and arid Gill. At this writing, an update has been written and a publisher is being sought. The new edition has 198 fully annotated items, plus a topical and geographic index, making it very useful to researchers. As late as 1973, when the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Societies was held in Chicago, some of the major scholars in migration, as well as those concerned with women and development—who later would become leading researchers in the new field of women and migration—were operating on separate tracks.