A brief examination of doctoral dissertations on Latin America just as clearly indicates that women have been totally neglected. Even the newer, "revolutionary" literature, largely written by men, has been remiss in its examination of some of the most "revolutionary" processes taking place in the role and status of women, in the open questioning of old traditions, in the emergence of a myriad of women's organizations, and in the unprecedented appearance of the female labor organizer, the female scientific researcher, and the female political leader. For a number of years researchers and activists in the population policy process have been seeking to implant family planning programs in Latin America and to find effective ways of reaching the "target" group, i.e., Latin American women in their fertile years. In decades, and especially since the advent of a socialist Cuba, there has been an unprecedented outpouring of research and writings on Latin America.