This chapter analyses the extent to which congressional representation mattered in the distribution of urban renewal funds among central cities in the period between 1961 and 1968. As state and local governments grew increasingly dependent on federal aid, their budgets became correspondingly sensitive to those shifts in the balance of national political power that affected the intercity distribution of federal monies. An adequate model of the intercity distribution of discretionary federal grants must distinguish between local interests in securing federal funds and federal interests in allocating them. The chapter analyzes the intercity distribution of federal urban renewal funds in the 130 central cities with populations of 100,000 or more as of 1960. Federal agencies depend upon the support of influential members of Congress to secure appropriations and supportive legislation.