This chapter seeks to introduce some neglected aspects of the interests of developing countries into discussions about a world ecological policy. Environmental problems not only pose a new and compelling argument for disarmament and peace but also call attention to the question of efficiency in the organization of production. Pollution of the air and water and related damages to the environment are loosely attributed, in general, to faulty technologies, but few have bothered to assess objectively the exact proportions of the problem. A somewhat apathetic attitude on the part of the developing countries regarding the environmental issue does not imply negation of the relevance of the matter and the need for true international cooperation to solve the problem it poses for the survival of mankind. Repercussions on the environment have become an important factor in determining whether financial assistance by that institution should be granted for an industrial project in developing countries.