In the opening years of the twenty-first century, a newly devolved Wales surprised commentators by becoming the first nation to achieve gender equality in political representation. “At last!” reported the Guardian on 9 May 2003: “In the 60-strong Welsh Assembly, there are 30 men and 30 women. Parity! And in Wales of all places”. For all the valiant attempts of many of its female members, the Assembly has not as yet succeeded in doing much to amend the continuing economic disparities between men and women in Wales, yet its creation has led to much greater gender equality in terms of both political and cultural representation. The fact that the journal Women’s Writing has seen fit to dedicate this special issue to writers from Wales is but one indication of a similar post-devolution increase in critical studies of Welsh women’s writing.