ABSTRACT

An immense region inhabited by dozens of peoples, stretching all the way from the Berlin Wall to the eastern shore of Asia, feverishly seeks its equilibrium, after such a lengthy and unnatural situation. Before or alongside Communism, Europe has known the hysteria of nationalism. And the first step toward a generalized Yugoslavia, from Budapest to Vladivostok, is the exacerbation of nationalism. The military spirit, however, feeds on little: collective self-exaltation (nationalism) and the invention of the ethnic Enemy (chauvinism) are enough to satisfy it. The result is an aggressive nationalism, determined to obtain everything now, in spite of everyone. The force of nationalism rests in its dual nature, both instinctual and intellectual. Just as economic change requires first a political change, emerging from the underground requires a spiritual revival; it cannot come from the outside, no matter how great is the Western export of democratic values.