Recognition that visual and arts-based research methods constitute an effective means of representing or expressing unique personal experiences (Ball & Gilligan, 2010) has resulted in increasing interest from researchers, and others, in the use of arts-based research methods in the area of health research (Boydell et al., 2012). Body mapping is an arts-based research tool which, due to its focus on embodied experience, lends itself to exploration of sensory and psychological experience. Body mapping involves ‘… tracing around a person's body to create a life-sized outline, which is filled in during a creative and reflective process, producing an image representing multiple aspects of their embodied experience …’ (de Jager et al., 2016). de Jager et al.’s systematic review of body mapping literature confirms the potential research and therapeutic benefits associated with body mapping, ultimately concluding that ‘… more empirically grounded work [which utilises body mapping] would strengthen its acceptability in certain research and clinical contexts’ (p. 52). This introductory chapter provides an overview of the text, and how this aligns with arts-based methods (for example, participation, agency and knowledge translation potential). We outline the diversity of body mapping in terms of the manner in which it has been applied in research and identify the core methodological features of this arts-based strategy.