Terrorism, a non-state act of violence or radicalization into violent extremism, has taken hold across the world after the 9/11 attacks on US soil and is a highly vexed contemporary global security issue requiring extraordinary measures to counter it. Bangladesh, a Muslim-majority country with a population of 160 million, has experienced repeated non-state violent attacks in recent years. The freedom-loving Indians routinely organized themselves in small groups and developed resistance to colonial rules. For East Pakistanis, 25 years of the united-Pakistan period had been a continuous struggle for the establishment of a democratic system of governance based on the principle of one man, one vote. In a country with minimum democratic values of individual freedom and a highly centralized colonial bureaucratic administration, the head of government plays a significant role in bringing significant changes in its institutions.