As in many other nations in the world, in Georgia buildings are the biggest single-energy consumers as well as the largest sources of greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency measures constitute a cost-effective climate mitigation solution, as well as a great opportunity in the upgrading of the physical condition of the building stock. These are also a crucial step in the fulfilment of SDG 7 (‘Affordable and Clean Energy’), as are the rest of the international pledges the country has committed to. However, despite the wide range of readily available and cost-effective energy efficient solutions, these are not being deployed at the required rate. Against this background, the purpose of the chapter is to describe the current policies and programmes present in the country in relation to the building sector and its energy efficiency transformation. More specifically, some of the questions posed are: What is the current economic, regulatory and institutional framework in Georgia? What are the current market conditions in relation to EE technology solutions? Have all the necessary instruments been put in place to achieve national EE ambitions? The analysis identifies specific challenges and opportunities, as well as policy instruments that could be implemented in relation to the energetic transformation of the sector.