Pauses are conversations
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Buchholz studies pauses shorter than 3 seconds. Most often, they can be observed after slips. But not after all slips. Buchholz identifies that a specific pause length of 1.2 to 1.4 seconds after a slip is relevant for the relationship. His theory proposes to understand these pauses as composed from 0.6 seconds in which the speaker imagines how the slip might be heard in the ears of the listener and another 0.6 seconds in which the speaker projects a new start of speaking. If slips are evaluated as irrelevant for the ongoing relationship, pauses are much shorter. Characteristically, slips by therapists consume more pause-time. The theory proposed is that such slips have the potential to threaten the whole endeavour of continuing analysis. A scheme is developed for how these ruptures are repaired.