This chapter makes the case that strategic processing is an integral part of the writing process. Since writing is complex and multifaceted, these strategies are necessary to guide the writer within the context of writing communities. The role of strategies is overviewed in light of other important factors (e.g., declarative knowledge), and interventions are evaluated in terms of their effectiveness to scaffold these writing strategies. The chapter concludes with suggestions for both future research as well as practice that teachers can implement in their classrooms.