The ideology of national homeland drove Serbia's expansionist politics that led its forces to ethnically cleanse Albanians and others from territory they conquered during the war of the 1990s. This chapter explains the contemporary imagination of reproductive continuity seeks to validate Serbian national claims to territory in a multinational space. It also presumes that Serbia's biopolitical nationalism is just a specific example of the more general problematic about how states come to know and manage populations. The chapter provides a specific history of how biopolitics figured in the development of Serbian nationalism since the nineteenth century. Instead, it is remarkable that biopolitics emerged in Serbia more or less in tandem with Western liberal states despite the radical ideological shifts in Serbian politics over the last two centuries. Yet what would be more remarkable still, and perhaps even liberating, would be a politics of human life that abandoned the capture and discipline of biopower as the goal of the state.