This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book focuses on the sites, spaces and subjects of reproduction in order to expand our understanding of the political, cultural and material dimensions of fertility, pregnancy and birth. It argues that attention to place is essential in understanding the changing landscapes of reproduction. The book explores how movements and conceptions of citizens and non-citizens have become important in understanding reproductive geographies. The presumption that geographical work on pregnancy and birth focuses primarily on these privileged subjects is supported by the paucity of work exploring diverse geographies of reproductive bodies, places and politics. Climate change, water shortages and landscape conversion raise questions about the relationship between a growing human population and the environment that supports it. Reproductive geographies, with their focus on the entanglements of bodies, politics and places, must surely contribute to these debates.