The concept of humanitarian disarmament — disarmament aimed more at reducing human suffering than fulfilling national security objectives1 — has had a growing influence on the development of disarmament law over the last two decades. However, the relationship between the humanitarian imperative that has prompted the prohibition or regulation of particular weapons and human rights law — an intuitively connected field — is relatively understudied.2 As concepts and language drawn from human rights law are pulled into disarmament law through humanitarian disarmament, increased interplay between the two fields appears inevitable. But the results of this interaction are not clear at present and could take multiple forms in the future.