First published in 1945, The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child (PSOC) was founded by Ernst Kris, Heinz Hartmann and Anna Freud. The work of two of the journal’s leading contributors, Anna Freud and Dorothy Burlingham, include notable, and little discussed, pedagogical veins. Anna Freud’s early profession and lifelong identity as a teacher is manifest in her psychoanalytic writings and reviews. The War Nurseries had rekindled theoretical and clinical issues first raised in the 1920s when child analysis was in a state of flux. Now the clinical issues and their theoretical standing were increasingly viewed within the prism of the impact of separation on young children and the influence of trauma on development. The PSOC was organised into different sections that covered a wide range of theoretical and clinical topics addressed from diverse analytic viewpoints. Burlingham’s psychoanalytic thinking and clinical work developed from her absorption with the nature and consequences of the earliest mother–child bond.