This chapter aims to challenge the risks of assumptions and judgements about vulnerable women as mothers in the context of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) and discusses the research evidence of protective strategies women use in the active protection of their children. The issue of childhood identities is considered in the context of the increasing recognition of the adverse experiences of living with DVA, as children may develop anxiety, depression, anger and aggression, or symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. The chapter examines the issues and ask important questions about the way early education professionals might consider issues related to trauma in early childhood, and the role of early help by agencies in supporting mothers and their children. It argues that children who witness and experience violence between their parents or carers may develop traits of victim or perpetrator attitudes and behaviours within their own intimate relationships in adolescence and adulthood.