This chapter presents a discussion of the methodological approaches to studying family violence. It provides examples of the outcomes of each type of research and resources—including data sets—that can use to learn more and even conduct own analysis. The chapter also provides an overview of the methodological approaches that have been used to study family violence. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of each approach. The chapter aims to provide access to sources of data so that readers can explore family violence on their own. One of the most important aspects of social science research is the methodological approaches that we use to gather empirical data. Sociology is one of the youngest sciences—perhaps senior only to computer science—and thus draws heavily on the methodologies utilized by natural and other social and behavioral sciences in developing its own set of methods for research.