This chapter reviews and compares three theorists—Nel Noddings, Emmanuel Levinas, and Michael Slote—and their respective ethical theories developed against the dominant Western approach. While Noddings and Levinas attempt to reconfigure a notion of post-Enlightenment subjectivity in seeking new ethical ground, Slote attempts a virtue theory that does not challenge the fundamental beliefs and assumptions of the Enlightenment tradition. I discuss how these theorists understand the root cause of the problems of the Enlightenment legacy and their respective approaches and justifications in addressing the problems. I conclude that, while a shared interest in and valuing of receptivity is apparent in all theories, they also bear profound differences and exhibit different merits.