This chapter represents a framework for the relationship between epistemic injustice and identity formation. The current waves of immigrants to Europe invigorate the debate about the relationship between cultural heritage and identity, and the immigrants’ active participation in the formation of their new identity in the host country. Participant perspective epistemic injustice can undermine the new identity formation which is central for the establishment and the well-being of migrants in their new country. If cultural heritage plays a role in the formation of identity, and if participant perspective epistemic injustice alienates immigrants from their heritage, then this kind of injustice sets certain constrains on how immigrants may determine their new identity in the host country. Heritage can provide knowledge about forms of past lives, civilisations and life styles around the globe which are highly relevant for us who live in the present.