In order to reflect on the scope of Emil Fackenheim's thought as a work of mourning, in this chapter, the author follows Fackenheim's steps by exploring his preliminary considerations regarding the pre-Holocaust state of things in Jewish thought. He explores Fackenheim's confrontation of the Holocaust proper, comprising the logic of destruction of Auschwitz as well as the instances, which according to Fackenheim, prevent thought from collapsing totally, namely the acts of resistance to the logic of destruction of Auschwitz understood as acts of tikkun olam. The author also explores the hitherto unacknowledged essential role that hope plays in working through trauma and in the acts of tikkun olam. In order to work through trauma, the subject must repair a broken object or container, and in order to do so he needs the containment from the very object that is broken.