This chapter examines how recent international changes have affected Chinese-Latin American relations. It concentrates on China's relations with five Latin American countries—Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Cuba—that are the current foci of Chinese policy toward the region. During President Yang Shangkun's visit, China and the five Latin countries exchanged views on major international issues and signed a number of cooperation accords and agreements on economics, trade, and science and technology. Argentina and China are expecting to carry out a long-term program of technical cooperation in the fields of geology and mineral resources. The end of the Cold War, combined with the international reaction to the "Tiananmen incident" in June 1989, created new conditions for Chinese foreign policy. China has set up joint venture enterprises, mostly in textiles, in certain Caribbean countries as a way of penetrating the US market. Both China and Cuba have quickened their steps to improve their relations in response to the recent international changes.