Chapter 5 looks at increasing fluency in reading largely through the use of speed-reading courses. The chapter begins with a description of a speed-reading course, and this is followed by an examination of the physical nature of reading involving fixations, saccadic jumps, and regressions which suggests that there is a physical upper limit to reading speed of around 300 words per minute. The chapter also looks closely at the nature of fluency development and the conditions that are needed for fluency to develop. These conditions include the use of easy material, a pressure to go faster, plenty of practice, and a focus on meaning. As well as a traditional speed-reading course, reading fluency activities can include repeated reading, reading aloud, paired reading, and easy extensive reading. About one-third of the time in an extensive reading course should involve very easy extensive reading. The chapter also looks at skimming and scanning.