Health policy guides interactions, creates obligations and helps establish access pathways and accountabilities. Depending on how they are created, health policies can have beneficial or harmful effects, especially relative to health equity. Policies, their framing and associated processes can be improved by critical gender and ethical analysis. Critical gender and ethical analysis can demonstrate how policies and their contexts may promote harms and reinforce injustices when they lack an account of the consequences and lived experiences of the people most likely affected by the policy and its outcomes. Feminist bioethics can thus be seen to play an important role in identifying fair processes and considerations that help make policy more inclusive, and relevant. It can help identify harmful policy legacies and introduce fair processes and considerations that make policy broadly more just.