This chapter seeks a fuller understanding of children’s interests and choices in context of the specific challenges of contemporary childhood. At the heart of this issue is the impact of “adultism” (Cohen, 2004; Pierce & Allen, 1975) and “childism” (Young-Bruehl, 2012), both understood as a bias toward adults and against children, in the production of culture and attitudes toward children and their potential to shape early art experiences. Employing a new materialist perspective on the relationship between children and the conceptual, experiential, and physical materials involved in the emergence of art works allows us to recognize the improvisational singularity of art-making events.