Social policy in the UK
DOI link for Social policy in the UK
Social policy in the UK book
This chapter examines those policies enacted by UK governments ostensibly to improve population well-being, including transfers and tax expenditures, and services like health and social care, social housing and education. It considers the development of social policy in the UK. The chapter sets out some broad trends in social policy from the 1980s onwards, and considers the UK in the international context. By the late nineteenth century, more coordinated approaches were being pursued, again often by local authorities, but this time on a far larger scale. The Beveridge plan extended the previous system of national insurance to all workers, who would pay a flat rate contribution to cover expanded pensions, unemployment insurance and health services. Social policy expenditure has fluctuated over time, with considerable increases through the late 1990s and 2000s, but reductions implemented in many areas by the Coalition and subsequent governments, particularly in benefit payments.