In the introductory chapter, Hansen and Ren outline the Arctic as a place previously characterized by discoveries and expeditions but with little interest in local contexts, concerns, or challenges. The authors introduce collaborative research as a way to craft “Arctic research that matters”, pointing to local and case-based “phronetic” research practices. As argued, a phronetic approach in Arctic research and the increased production of practical, situated, and collaborative knowledge production can help to counteract the instrumental and scientific rationality previously dominating in Arctic research.