This chapterexamines the impact of new technologies in the current labour market of selected Arab States, which includes Egypt, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Jordan, Lebanon, Kuwait, Yemen and Saudi Arabia. The author shows how the Arab states have taken important measures to adopt modern technology systems in numerous fields of work. These measures are described by the author who illustrates the effects of changes being made to labour laws in the various Arab countries and the importance of training programmes. In the first part of the chapter, the author analyses the challenges arising from modern technology, and, in the second part, he deals with future job development in relation to the emerging technology, followed in the third part by concluding remarks and recommendations.