Chakrabarty claims that the Anthropocene calls for a reconciliation of the (Western) historiographical genres of natural and cultural history. He traces this divide back to Vico and the so-called verum-factum principle. The chapter aims to complicate the story of division between natural and cultural history in Vico – and to trace an early modern mode of ‘fabulous history’ and a natural history in which nature still speaks with signs and semiotic means such as hieroglyphs.