North African women are no longer absent in the public sphere. They are activists fighting for their rights and for full emancipation. Women's organizations have made demands of their respective governments and put pressure on their parliaments, asking for legal reforms and changes in gender roles. Over the past three decades, women's organizations have struggled against gender-based legal and cultural discrimination, illiteracy and poverty among women, and their underrepresentation in politics. Due to their resistance, they have achieved important reforms, particularly the reform of the family law. Despite achievements in education and legal rights, discrimination against women can still be seen at the level of inheritance rights and decision-making. Further reforms in favor of women's empowerment are critically needed to ensure women's integration in and contributions to development and democratization.