This chapter calls for a conceptualisation of the Polish–German relationship in terms of asymmetric rather than embedded bilateralism. The objective is to understand how asymmetry structures the dynamics of the Polish–German relationship, with a particular focus on how Poland – a weaker partner – deals with power asymmetries while seeking to strengthen its position in the EU field of power. The theoretical analysis proceeds in three parts. First, asymmetry is discussed in relation to the French–German bilateral relationship, in order to shed light on the importance of relative equality or complementarity in resource distribution between partners for the embedded bilateralism to remain functional and resilient. Second, emphasis is put on the structural power asymmetries that characterise the Polish–German relationship and make it qualitatively distinct from the French–German relationship. Third, the consequences of the EU hierarchical structure for the dynamics of the Polish–German bilateralism are examined. The analysis draws on Pierre Bourdieu’s field model, while outlining strategies of adaptation and contestation pursued by the subordinate actor, as well as the dominant actor’s reaction to contestation of the existing power structure. The empirical section provides a brief illustration of the argument.