The issue of decent work was recognised as a target under Millennium Development Goal 1 (MDG1) (Millennium Development Goals) (MDGs) (UN, 2000a). However, this happened as late as in 2007. Initially, MDG1 was composed of two targets calling to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The concept was developed primarily thanks to the contribution of the International Labour Organisation. It has been a long time since the Catholic Church started to discuss the dignity of work and the right to work for everyone. Work was one of the first social issues gradually incorporated into her teaching. In the anthropological foundations of Catholic social teaching, the work in man’s life is discussed from the perspective of vocation. The document of the Pontifical Biblical Commission of 2019, which is entirely devoted to anthropological issues, indicates that any manifestation of human activity should always have regard to the holistic vocation of man.