The rapid speed and size of China’s economic expansion growth is well known. Several causes and reasons are commonly given for this performance, now joined by some commentary questioning how sustainable this is in the light of slowing growth rates with the need for different types and forms of growth – knowledge/innovative, services, etc. – as well as demographic trends as well as the global context and trade frictions. The collection of research provides further evidence behind China’s performance in terms of the role of business and management and also points to future issues. We detail this in terms of the key areas relevant to performance, such as culture, change, leadership, innovation and knowledge. The theoretical and practical implications of the work contained herein is also noted as well as some calls for future work in key areas.