There is a view that China is a Confucian country and that its businesses adopt these values to underpin their business models and practices. In this article, a case is made that China is not a Confucian country, even though there are strands of Confucianism evident in society. Although some enterprises in China adopt Confucian approaches to management, this cannot be generalized to all businesses. We cannot, therefore, conclude that Confucian management has emerged as the prevailing feature of Chinese businesses.