The last decade has witnessed a series of traumatic changes in the ways in which capitalist societies have been governed. This has, in turn, stirred a series of theoretical responses to come to terms with the political outcomes that ensued in the context of the protracted period of crises. From “authoritarian neoliberalism” to “post-fascism”, these responses aimed to provide an understanding of the transformations in the state–class relations. In these endeavours, there is also a quest to develop the most apposite concepts so as to establish analogies and differences across different geographical locations and historical time periods. As these conceptual categories tend to function as tools of periodization, there arises the need to problematize them so as to assess their saliency in terms of both continuity and difference.