Activism and Fascism
DOI link for Activism and Fascism
Activism and Fascism book
Right wing and fascist movements succeeded partly because they appealed to the irrational. The Frankfurt School of German intellectuals after World War II highlighted Hitler’s success in appealing to emotions such as fear and authoritarianism. British business had pretty good relations with German fascism. In the United States, the State Department was urging tolerance for not only fascism, which was admired—Italian fascism was admired openly—but even Nazism. The Bolshevik revolution had a huge impact on American elites. They were terrified. That led to the Red Scare, which was the worst repression in American history, by liberals, incidentally. There are studies which show pretty conclusively that non-violent movements and programs are far more successful. It’s hard to protest anywhere near the elite meetings and government offices. It’s very unlikely that there’s be anything like the Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon repression.