This chapter introduces the concept of a universal approach to accessibility in education, and outlines three key universal approaches: Universal Design for Learning (UDL), differentiation and Quality Differentiated Teaching Practice (QDTP). It addresses some common misunderstandings and critiques of these approaches. The chapter provides guidance for a step-by-step approach to implementing universal approaches in practice. Accessibility is, fundamentally, a precondition for the upholding of human rights. Educational barriers are extrinsic factors such as inaccessible and inequitable curricula, pedagogies, assessments and environments. The goal of UDL is to remove barriers and address the problems of a one-size-fits-all approach in order to provide equal access to learning , not just access to information. UDL and differentiation are complementary approaches that can be applied together to create accessible educational experiences. UDL and differentiation are at the core of effective planning and involve intentionally building in accessibility and flexibility to initial design.