Recognising injustice and making changes in a society to redress human rights violations, and restore harmony and justice. Race and reconciliation are integral to this understanding. The notion of reconciliation—the bringing together of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians—encourages us to think about the practical and symbolic dimensions of the past and present, and what is required to address persistent inequality. Indigenous people have continued to challenge inequity and the dominance of white Australia. Importantly, Indigenous people have always played an active role in determining their own identities and challenging colonial constructions. Indigenous people are left with questions about their authenticity and the challenging task of negotiating their identity. For some Indigenous people, these questions lead to ontological insecurity and they become uncertain and doubtful about their own identity. The study of race and race relations has widened to include the white subject and investigation of power, identity, and differences between white and non-white people.