This chapter explores the gendered dimensions of reptile trafficking and keeping prior to the lifting of ban on the activities in Norway alongside animal abuse inherent to the trade. The author argues environmental harm is best framed in terms of justice, which in turn is based upon notions of human, ecological, and animal rights and broad egalitarian principles. Thus, it is central to understand who the offenders are, their gender, and why they engage in such crime. Based on penal case file analysis, the majority of offenders who kept reptiles illegally were men who were often involved in other crimes, and emergent criminal subcultures for reptile keeping were clearly gendered in nature.