Portera puts in prominence the sharp difference between the identity theorized by Erik Erikson, based on monocultural societies, and the “healthiest” identity in our time of glocalization and liquid modernity: a dynamic identity capable and willing to adapt to constant change: the intercultural identity of people who have adopted a dialogic and interactive approach.

Bauman points out the contemporary homo complexus, doomed to be cast in the role of a homo optionis, because our identities are not given, they are tasks, and instead of identity we should speak of the process of identification and re-identification: our identities are forever in statu nascendi, in fight for recognition and/or survival, in need of being continually reproduced anew or revised and reformed.