Issues of learning and human adaptation to new circumstances are widely discussed in contemporary society characterized by globalization and the emergence of new media transforming many of our daily practices. The often-used distinction between an offline and an online world today is inappropriate for the lives of most young people. The online world is an integral part of the everyday life of young people in urban conditions. Online and offline activities are just different forms or modes of everyday life. Every epoch tries to understand itself, but can only do so by referring to the larger historical lines preceding this very epoch – and knowing that those lines at the same time are constructions of contemporary ideologies, theories and notions taken for granted. If the Middle Ages had a hierarchical structure of God, the King and Man in the centre, most contemporary Western, industrialized and democratic societies focus on “the individual”.