Fugitivos de la Vida imposible
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This chapter focuses on a theoretical perspective that proposes to think about borders as classificatory social devices. Some of the characteristics of recent human displacements and migratory processes will be analyzed, for instance, the migratory caravans departing from the Northern Triangle toward the United States. These practices show the human dimension and the dramatic nature of migration, and the hope that informs these strategies of mobilization. The worldwide visibility of this mobilization that started last October, originated in the inner lands of Central America and oriented toward Northern territories, gives evidence of the need to utilize wider interpretations that surpass reductionist views that leave aside historical and structural conditions in which these dynamics originate. Narrow interpretations also disregard the subjectivities that either accept with resignation, their destiny, or look for alternative worlds through acts of resilience and transgression. Caravans have exposed the paradoxical nature of a global world characterized by both fragmentation and exclusiveness, where borders are open for extractive projects, global capitals, and geopolitical interests, but closed to the circulation of precarious sectors of society. The analysis of politics of movement is essential to the understanding of re-spatializations and relocations, as well as of the notion of national territoriality and national security that are key concepts for the definition of exclusion.