One of the exceptions to the overall tendency to categorize the Romanesque by regions is to be found in the work of Hans Kubach. Using his Architektur der Romanik of 1974, the paper examines and assesses his preference for the Kunstlandschaft in the explanation of groups and variations and his concomitant rejection of the role of both ecclesiastical and secular units. This means that master masons are the chief and in some cases the only category of people determining the design of the buildings. His approach is particularly clearly demonstrated in chapter 3, that dealing with church buildings of the years between c. 1070 and c. 1150. In the case of the pilgrimage, Kubach rejects the grouping of five churches associated with that of Santiago, on the grounds that there are churches of the same type which are not on the pilgrimage routes. This argument is also assessed.