The necessity of experts
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A much-debated issue in the intelligence literature is whether intelligence can best be described as an “art” - that is, an activity based on intuition, experience, and knowledge - or as a “science” - that is, work that uses specific analysis methods. Proponents of the latter position attach great importance to the use of so-called structured analysis techniques (SAT). The aim of these techniques is to reduce biases, and hence reduce the risk of intelligence failures, as well as to make the premises on which an analysis is based clearer to the customer. While SAT might be useful, these methods cannot replace the subject-matter expert who is an authority in a particular area or topic.