If Eurasia were to be understood simply as the European landmass plus Asia, then the understanding of the term would be relatively simple. It is the construction and reconstruction of this concept from varying perspectives, at different stages in history, that have added complexities to its comprehension. This chapter is an attempt to move away from the geopolitical discourses that are common to the discussions on Eurasia in the post-Soviet period. While not denying the geopolitical aspects, the region needs to be looked at as an organic space that developed historically with many cultural, civilizational and economic bonds that distinguish the region from the rest of the world. The chapter also discusses why the Slavic, Caucasian and Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union can be considered as the core Eurasian space. One of the main proponents of reviving a post-Soviet Eurasian vision was the former Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev.