In Australia there is no official national death toll for femicide. This is despite the prevalence of femicide in Australia and its disproportionate burden experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and women born outside of Australia. The official data that is available does not recognise femicide or collect the contextual factors contributing to fatal violence against women, and where more in-depth data is collected, it is restricted to deaths in the context of domestic and family violence. The available data is not timely and lacks rigour, and thus, the structural determinants and true burden of femicide in Australia are not known. The community-led Counting Dead Women Australia femicide census aims to fill this gap by capturing and reporting femicide data in Australia.